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UK police seize huge haul of prescription drugs destined for sale on illicit online pharmacies

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A joint operation between police in the UK city of Manchester and the Police Service of Northern Ireland (PSNI) has resulted in the seizure of pharmaceutical drugs estimated to be worth several million pounds.

Raids which took place at multiple locations across Manchester saw investigating officers discover genuine prescription drugs such as tramadol and diazepam, which detectives said had been illegally diverted from the UK pharmaceutical supply chain before being offered for sale online.

The precise number of pills seized during the raids and their total value has yet to be established.

Operation Pyarr was carried out with support from the UK’s Medicine and Healthcare products Regulatory Authority (MHRA), which is responsible for ensuring that medicines and medical devices are safe.

Detective Chief Inspector Charlotte Cadden of Greater Manchester Police’s Bury Borough said: “We have spent the past few months identifying where the public are able to get hold of these controlled drugs, and uncovering who is responsible.

“From our investigation, it is clear that this is a comprehensive operation, with genuine pharmaceuticals being unlawfully removed from the supply chain in the UK and then sold, illegally, online.

“While we have made arrests, we are continuing with our investigation and are committed to finding those who facilitate the supply of illegal substances in Greater Manchester.

“I’m asking for the public to continue to report anything suspicious to the police, and ensure that we can look after the public who are taken in by drugs that they believe are legal.”

In January 2015, the MHRA announced that it had seized prescription drugs worth an estimated £3 million ($3.95 million), including erectile dysfunction medication, slimming pills, sleeping tablets and antidepressants.

Unlike the genuine medication discovered in Manchester, the majority of these drugs had originated from India and China, where illicit factories pump out illegal copies of major pharmaceutical firms’ best-selling products.

Last month, Interpol and Europol announced they had arrested 400 people and seized potentially-harmful medication worth more than $51 million in a global crackdown on illegal online pharmacies.

Operation Pangea X resulted in the launch of 1,058 new investigations, the closure of 3,584 websites, and the removal of more than 3,000 online ads for illicit pharmaceuticals.

The global market for fake drugs was worth $431 billion in 2012, according to the World Health Organisation, which no longer estimates the size of the illicit trade due to the difficulty in providing an accurate assessment.

Organised criminal gangs use a number of methods to illegally obtain prescription drugs. Some groups divert genuine medicines from official supply chains, or get hold of out of date pharmaceuticals, which they repackage before selling on as being fit for use.

Others make fake pills themselves, or buy in bulk from illegal drug factories in countries such as China or India. Many of these either contain too much or too little of their purported active ingredient, or have been found to be made up of harmful substances such as antifreeze, paint and concrete.

Despite the launch of information campaigns in western countries designed to warn members of the public of the dangers of buying counterfeit medicines on the internet, many consumers still use illicit online pharmacies, in some cases to avoid the stigma of speaking with their doctor about potentially embarrassing conditions such as erectile dysfunction or depression.

 

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Police in Ohio arrest 104 people in major crackdown on sex trafficking

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Undercover police in Ohio have arrested 104 people in an operation targeting the perpetrators of sex trafficking across the US state.

The three-day effort, which involved officials from more than 30 law enforcement agencies and social service organisations, resulted in 53 felony arrests, and 26 detentions relating to crimes committed against children.

In a statement, the office of Ohio Attorney General Dave Yost said a portion of the operation focussed specifically on those seeking to engage in sexual activity with individuals they believed to be children.

“You don’t know when a man buys sex whether it’s genuine consent or, rather, the victim is being forced with a baseball bat, a knife or the next hit of heroin,” Yost said.

“When you hear a man talking about buying sex, he never says, ‘I’m buying a woman’.

“He talks about a whore, a slut, a piece – and that’s because saying what is really happening is too close to the truth for them to handle. People who think and talk like that know in their heart of hearts – it’s slavery.”

Cuyahoga Regional Human Trafficking Director James Mackey said that one of the most effective ways to combat human trafficking is to go after the buyers of sex, without whom human traffikerrs would have no business.

The effort involved undercover police officers carrying out sting operations on the buyers of sexual services in a bid to raise awareness of the reality of human trafficking.

Separately, the Wall Street Journal reports that US authorities are investigating a trio of websites over allegations they may have been used to facilitate human trafficking, prostitution and money laundering.

The probe into EroticMonkey.ch, Eros.com and RubMaps.ch comes more than a year after the closure of Backpage.com, a classified listings website that had been repeatedly accused of facilitating sex trafficking.

In April of last year, US authorities charged Backpage.com creators Michael Lacey and James Larkin and five members of the website’s staff with a number of prostitution and money laundering offences.

It was reported at the time that the website had made it owners in excess of $500 million from listings linked to illegal sex work, with profits laundered through non-related businesses.

The US National Human Trafficking Hotline, which is run by charity Polaris, saw reports of trafficking cases rise by 25% between 2017 and last year.

Nearly 11,000 cases of human trafficking were reported in 2018, of which 7,859 were sex trafficking related, according to Polaris.

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Coalition of law enforcement agencies in the Philippines nab wildlife trader who evaded capture for years

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Coalition of law enforcement agencies in the Philippines nab wildlife trader

Wildlife trade monitoring network Traffic has revealed that police in the Philippines have arrested a major illicit wildlife trader who had evaded authorities in the country for a number of years.

A joint “buy-bust operation” conducted by the National Bureau of Investigation-Environmental Crime Division (NBI-EnCD) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources-Philippine Operation Group on Ivory and Illegal Wildlife Trade (DENR-POGI) resulted in the detention of the man, who is said to have had traded wildlife online without the required permits.

As well as arresting the trader, investigators seized several animals, including three Peregrine Falcons, two Eclectus Parrots, six African Spurred Tortoises and two Green Iguanas.

The man, who the NBI had been pursuing for three years, is reported to have gone to great lengths to avoid capture, cancelling deals with online customers if he became suspicious that they might be linked to law enforcement authorities.

Trading wildlife online since 2014, the man would refuse to meet his customers in person, and only dealt with those whom he had developed long term relationships.

He is now expected to face a range of charges relating to the possession and trading of wildlife products that carry a maximum jail term of four years and a fine of up to PHP300,000 ($843).

Kanitha Krishnasamy, Traffic’s Director for Southeast Asia, commented: “Catching illegal online traders is like trying to snatch shadows, so this is a big win for the Philippine authorities, and we congratulate them.

“This case should also serve as motivation for all Southeast Asian wildlife enforcement agencies that are grappling with the scourge of online wildlife trafficking.

“Persistence does pay off. Traffic hopes this case will make others think twice about trading wildlife online illegally.”

In August, Traffic published a report that highlighted the role the internet plays in the illicit trade in wildlife products.

The study, which focussed on China’s experiences of attempting to crack down on the online sale of such items, examined the policies and measures used to address wildlife cybercrime in the EU, Kenya, the US, and several key international associations.

“Due to the transnational nature of illegal wildlife trade, efforts to combat it on the internet should not be limited to China and its cyberspace,” the report said.

“As early as 2013, monitoring of online advertising of illegal ivory products targeted at EU countries revealed illegal ivory advertisements and online auctions of ivory worth more than a €1 million $1.12 million) in 10 EU countries.

“In recent years, more cases of illegal wildlife trade online have been reported around the world. These new features raise new challenges in enhancing law enforcement.

“Preliminary research published by INTERPOL in June 2017 also revealed that illicit wildlife trade is ‘infiltrating’ into the dark net.”

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Farmer jailed for smuggling illicit garlic shipments into Australia

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smuggling illicit garlic shipments into Australia

A farmer has been jailed for risking the biosecurity of Australia by smuggling garlic into the country from locations including the US, Canada and France.

Letetia Anne Ware, 53, was handed an 11-month prison term after being convicted of illegally importing more than 2,000 garlic bulbs into the country in contravention of Australia’s strict biosecurity rules.

The importation of garlic into Australia is tightly regulated owing to the fact that some varieties of the plant can carry the Xylella fastidiosa bacteria, which is considered to be one of the gravest threats to flora biodiversity in the country.

In order to be brought into Australia legitimately, shipments of garlic must be managed by licensed importers, and accompanied with official certification that proves they are free from pests and diseases.

Ware, who stepped down from her role as the Chair of the Australian Garlic industry Association (AGIA) after pleading guilty to the crime of which she was convicted, is said to have used numerous eBay accounts to order shipments of garlic from France, South Korea, Canada and the US.

Over an 18-month period, Ware imported a total of 21 consignments of garlic, on occasion telling exporters to mislabel the contents of packages as “office supplies” to avoid the attention of customs inspectors.

Hobart Supreme Court was told that Ware was fully aware of the rules relating to the biosecurity threat posed by the garlic she smuggled into the country as she had previously held an import licence for mushrooms.

She will be eligible for parole after two months, provided she hands over a A$2,000 ($1,337) fine.

The maximum penalty for illegally importing garlic into Australia is 10 years behind bars and a fine of up to A$300,000.

In a statement, the AGIA said: “The board strongly condemns any behaviour that jeopardises biosecurity or the Australian agricultural industry

“We ask for the patience and support of all our members and urge them not to contribute or participate in the ongoing perception that the AGIA board or Association were in anyway connected, or knew of, Letetia’s illegal activities…

“We understand that many garlic growers are concerned for the safety of their own crops, and can take some level of relief that Justice Gleeson found that this imported garlic was not diseased.”

In August, an Australia court jailed two men for illegally importing pig semen from Denmark in shampoo bottles.

Director of pig farm GR Pork Torben Soerensen and the company’s breeding manager Henning Laue were jailed for a minimum of 18 months and eight months respectively at Perth District Court.

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