A treaty backed by the UN intended to disrupt the global illicit trade in tobacco products will come into force on 25 September, marking the introduction of a range of new measures agreed by a coalition of nations in response to the growing illegal cross-border trade in counterfeit and smuggled cigarettes and rolling tobacco.
The Protocol to Eliminate Illicit Trade in Tobacco Products was developed as a response to the growing international illicit trade in tobacco products, which the World Health Organisation (WHO) says is a significant threat to public health.
In a document outlining the scope of the treaty, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control explains how the illegal trade in tobacco products boosts access to and lowers the price of cigarettes, thus fuelling the tobacco epidemic and undermining tobacco control policies.
According to the UN, the overnight elimination of the global illicit trade in tobacco would result in governments across the globe receiving an immediate revenue boost of at least $31 billion.
Elsewhere, studies have suggested that ending black market sales of tobacco products could save in excess of 160,000 lives a year from 2030.
To date, 45 countries and nations from the European Union have ratified the treaty, but the UN has said it expects many others to do so over the course of the coming months.
The treaty aims to secure the supply chain of tobacco products, and will require the establishment of a global tracking and tracing regime within five years.
Other provisions to ensure control of the supply chain cover licensing, due diligence, record keeping, and security and preventive measures, as well as measures in relation to online and telecommunication-based sales, duty free sales, and free zones and international transit.
Commenting on the treaty, WHO Director General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said: “The illicit trade of tobacco products creates a shadowy market that not only destroys health, but also fuels organised crime and deprives governments of tax revenues.”
Speaking after the British government ratified the treaty last month, the Exchequer Secretary to the UK Treasury Robert Jenrick said: “Illicit tobacco costs the UK economy £2.5 billion ($3.25 billion) a year. That is why we are cracking down on this unlawful trade, which denies vital funding for our public services and can lead to health risks.
“The introduction of these new global standards will build on our work to make it harder for organised criminal gangs to profit in the future.”
Chinese ‘Ivory Queen’ jailed in Tanzania for heading up elephant tusk smuggling operation
A Chinese woman dubbed the “Ivory Queen” has been jailed for 15 years in Tanzania after being convicted of smuggling hundreds of elephant tusks.
Yang Fenglan was found guilty of running one of the largest ivory smuggling operations ever discovered in Africa, and is said to have been responsible for the trafficking of tusks from as many as 400 elephants worth an estimated $2.5 million.
A court heard how the 69-year-old businesswoman had managed to pose as an upstanding member of the Chinese expatriate community in Tanzania for decades, while all the while overseeing a major smuggling operation that involved huge quantities of illicit ivory being trafficked between Africa and China.
Yang was yesterday found guilty of being behind the smuggling of 860 tusks between 2000 and 2014.
She is said to have used her connections with wealthy and powerful individuals she met while working as Secretary General of Tanzania’s China-Africa business council to facilitate the trafficking operation.
Sentencing Yang to 15 years behind bars for heading up an organised crime gang, a magistrate also ordered her to hand over a fine equal to twice the market value of the ivory she was convicted of smuggling or face another two years in prison.
According to court documents, Yang, who is reported to have worked as a Swahili translator and run a successful Chinese restaurant since arriving in Tanzania in the 1970s, organised the smuggling of ivory weighing a total of 1,889 tonnes.
Authorities believe she may have been active in the illicit ivory trade from as far back as the 1980s.
Speaking after Yang was jailed, campaigners said the prison time she was handed was not sufficiently long enough.
In comments made to the Reuters news agency, WWF Country Director Amani Ngusaru said: “[It] is not punishment enough for the atrocities she committed, by being responsible for the poaching of thousands of elephants in Tanzania.
“She ran a network that killed thousands of elephants.”
The poaching of ivory in Africa, which is estimated to have caused a 20% decline in the population of elephants across the continent over the course of the past 10 years, is driven by demand in Asia, where elephant tusk is used to make ornaments and jewellery.
Ivory is also used widely in Chinese medicine, and is thought by many in Asia to contain properties that can remove toxins from the body and contribute towards a glowing complexion.
Number of rhinos killed by poachers in South Africa falls below 1,000 for first time in five years
The number of rhinos that were killed by poachers for their horns in South Africa fell below 1,000 for the first time in five years in 2018, according to the country’s Department of Environmental Affairs.
In a statement issued last week, Environmental Affairs Minister Nomvula Mokonyane revealed that 769 rhinos lost their lives to poachers last year, making 2018 the third consecutive 12-month period during which the number of rhinos killed for their horns fell in South Africa.
As well as a fall in the number rhinos that were killed by poachers, last year also saw police in South Africa arrest 365 suspected rhino poachers, 229 of whom were detained inside or adjacent to Kruger National Park.
“The decline is not only indicative of the successful implementation of the Integrated Strategic Management of Rhinoceros Approach countrywide, but also a confirmation of the commitment and dedication of the men and women working at the coalface to save the species,” Mokonyane said.
“Combating rhino poaching remains a national priority, and as such, all the relevant government departments will continue their close collaboration to ensure that this iconic species is conserved for generations to come.
“Although we are encouraged by the national poaching figures for 2018, it is critical that we continue to implement collaborative initiatives to address the scourge of rhino poaching.”
While rhino poaching deaths fell in the country last year, there was an increase in the number of elephants who were killed by wildlife criminals.
Across 2018, 72 elephants lost their lives to poachers who killed them for their tusks, with all but one of these being slaughtered in Kruger National Park.
While cautiously welcoming the fall in the number of rhino poaching deaths in South Africa last year, WWF International warned that the global crisis affecting rhino numbers is very far from over, noting that poaching remains high across the region.
Dr Margaret Kinnaird, WWF Wildlife Practice Leader, commented: “Corruption remains a major part of the challenge in addressing rhino poaching and trafficking of wildlife products.
“To address this, we need to consider what draws people into wildlife crime.
“We must find a way to empower people working and living around protected areas to be invested in a future with wildlife, including helping identify those who break the law.”
American sniffer dog helps find cocaine stashed in decorative tombstone
A US drug sniffer dog has helped his handlers locate a “decorative tombstone” stuffed full of cocaine that had been imported into the country from Canada.
Customs and Border Protection (CBP) drug dog Freddy sniffed out the shipment while working at an express consignment facility in Cincinnati.
Border officers moved to x-ray the container the tombstone was being shipped in after Freddy flagged it as potentially containing drugs, resulting in the discovery of a white powder hidden in a compartment inside the resin item.
Tests carried out later confirmed that the substance was in fact cocaine.
Commenting on the discovery, CBP Cincinnati Port Director Joshua Shorr said: “Our officers are committed to keep our country and communities safe from illegal and dangerous drugs.
“This seizure is one example of the quality enforcement work they do on a daily basis.”
In a statement relating to the seizure, CBP Cincinnati highlighted how its officers had recently discovered shipments of cocaine hidden inside items such as documents, piston heads and wheels.
At the beginning of January, CBP officers in Cincinnati intercepted two packages of tinfoil-wrapped sweets that later tested positive for methamphetamines.
After x-raying the packages of sweets, which were on their way from Mexico to Gridley in California, inspectors noted a number of anomalies, prompting them to take a closer look.
Having done so, they discovered that several of the sweets contained plastic capsules holding small bags of a white crystalline powder.
Police said both shipments contained a total of approximately 4kgs of methamphetamines.
“Cocaine and methamphetamines are dangerous and highly addictive stimulants,” the CBP said.
“Abuse of these drugs can lead to paranoia, exhaustion, heart conditions, convulsions, stroke, and death. Both are classified as Schedule II stimulants under the Controlled Substances Act.”
In a separate announcement, CBP officers in California last week revealed they had impounded more than 100kgs of cocaine concealed in produce cargo vessels arriving at Port Hueneme from Ecuador and Guatemala.
The drugs were discovered in two separate shipments, with just over 92kgs being found beneath the floorboards of a refrigerated vessel that had arrived from Ecuador, with the remainder uncovered on a cargo vessel arriving from Guatemala.
“This is the largest drug seizure at Port Hueneme in the last quarter of a century,” said LaFonda Sutton-Burke, CBP Port Director of the LA/Long Beach Seaport, and Port Hueneme.
“I’m extremely proud of the results of this joint effort, it shows the professionalism, vigilance and keen focus of both agencies in preventing dangerous drugs into our communities.”
- New technology designed to identify food fraud will count for little if tighter penalties are not introduced
- Chinese ‘Ivory Queen’ jailed in Tanzania for heading up elephant tusk smuggling operation
- Shamima Begum could not have made a less compelling case as to why she should be allowed to return to Britain
- Number of rhinos killed by poachers in South Africa falls below 1,000 for first time in five years
- American sniffer dog helps find cocaine stashed in decorative tombstone
9 February 2018
9 February 2018
8 February 2018
28 November 2017
28 November 2017
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