Researchers at an international wildlife trafficking monitor have discovered more than 1,500 listings for the sale of live animals on Facebook in Thailand.
Traffic found a total of 1,521 animals for sale on 12 Facebook groups in the Southeast Asian country in less than a month of monitoring in 2016.
Many of the species listed were under international protection, while some were not native to Thailand.
Additional research carried out in July of this year revealed that at least nine of the groups were still active, and that their combined membership numbers had risen from 106,111 to 203,445 over the past two years.
Traffic Research Officer Maethinee Phassaraudomsak said the results of the study proved how easy it is for wildlife smugglers to conduct their illicit trade online without fear of their identities being revealed, let alone getting caught.
Kanitha Krishnasamy, Traffic’s Acting Regional Director in Southeast Asia, commented: “Growing online wildlife trade will only pile further pressure on threatened non-native species that currently have no legal protection or regulation.”
“Giving such species protection under Thailand’s law and enabling enforcers to take action is the strongest way to address this critical conservation problem.”
Responding to Traffic’s findings, a Facebook spokeswoman said the social media company “does not allow the sale or trade of endangered species or their parts, and we remove this material as soon as we are aware of it”.
She went on to say: “We are committed to working with Traffic and law enforcement authorities to help tackle the illegal online trade of wildlife in Thailand.”
This is not the first time Facebook has been accused of facilitating the sale of illicit animal parts online. In April, it was reported that a US whistleblowing law firm had accused the company of profiting from the sale of endangered species and animal parts on its platform.
Kohn, Kohn and Colapinto (KKC) said ads from major firms were appearing on Facebook pages belonging to wildlife traffickers that used the platform to sell items such as ivory, rhino horn and tiger teeth.
Prior to this, Traffic said in January that that Facebook had emerged as the top online platform for wildlife trafficking in the Philippines, noting that it had seen listings for thousands of endangered species on the site.
Advances in internet technology are widely accepted to have helped wildlife criminals expand their trade, allowing them to access a global market as opposed to selling their items to a relatively small number of customers.
British men jailed over £5 million Premier League football match streaming scam
Three men have been jailed for a combined total of 17 years by a UK court after being convicted of running a pirate streaming service that offered illegal access to live Premier League football matches to more than 1,000 pubs, clubs and private homes in England and Wales over a 10-year period.
Steven King, Paul Rolston and Daniel Malone, who ran companies trading under the names of Dreambox, Dreambox TV Limited, and Digital Switchover Limited, are said to have raked in over £5 million ($6.53 million) over the decade during which their scam lasted.
Head of the operation King was handed a seven-year-and-four-month sentence, while Rolston was jailed for six years and four months, and Malone for three years and three months.
Warwick Crown Court heard during a four-week trial how the men exploited a range of technologies to facilitate their illicit streaming service, conspiring with a number of third parties both in Britain and throughout Europe to create and illegally broadcast livestreams of games.
Finding all three men guilty of conspiracy to defraud, a judge described the operation as a “dishonest, dodgy business”, noting that the defendants’ efforts to frustrate broadcasters’ attempts to investigate the scam had been an aggravating factor that was reflected in the length of their sentences.
The judge was also critical of the “profoundly dishonest” businesses that profited from using the men’s streaming services without paying broadcasters.
Commenting on the men’s sentences in a statement, Premier League Director of Legal Services Kevin Plumb said: “Today’s decision has provided further evidence that the law will catch up with companies and individuals that defraud rights owners and breach copyright.
“The custodial sentences issued here reflect the seriousness and the scale of the crimes.
“Using these services is unlawful and fans should be aware that when they do so they enter into agreements with illegal businesses.
“They also risk being victims of fraud or identity theft by handing over personal data and financial details.”
Kieron Sharp, Director General of the Federation Against Copyright Theft (Fact), said the length of the men’s sentences demonstrated that the illegal streaming of Premier League football matches is a serious crime, adding: “For those people using services such as this, do not think that this is a grey area – it is not, it is breaking the law.”
It is estimated that the typical British pub that shows Premier League matches legally pays £20,000 a year to broadcasters such as Sky and BT.
Dance music festivals fuelling rise in ecstasy use among young people in South America, UNODC claims
Ecstasy and new psychoactive substances (NPS) that mimic the effects of MDMA are becoming increasingly popular among young people in South America, according to a report published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
In the latest edition of its Global SMART Newsletter for Latin America and the Caribbean, the agency said secondary school pupils and university students are taking the drugs in greater quantities at electronic music festivals.
The report also revealed that some Caribbean countries have experienced an uptick in the use of ecstasy-like substances largely on account of the fact that tourists are bringing the drugs with them while on holiday.
Noting that while seizures of these types of drugs are generally much lower in Latin America and the Caribbean than in North America and Europe, UNODC observes that some countries in the region have seen large amounts of ecstasy-like substances discovered by law enforcement authorities in recent years.
“The market of ecstasy in the region has evolved significantly and has become more complex over time,” the report says.
“Currently, ecstasy is available in two main forms; as tablets containing varying doses of MDMA, ranging from no MDMA at all to high doses, and as powder or in crystalline form.
“Both forms of presentation often contain substances other than MDMA, including NPS with stimulant effects.”
Looking at the emergence of NPS in Latin America and the Caribbean, UNODC said 14 countries in the region have reported the presence of 178 different synthetic drugs belonging to a diverse range of chemical groups over the course of the past decade.
In 2017, more than 60 different NPS were reported to UNODC by nine countries in the region, highlighting the emergence of a trend that the agency said presents a serious threat to public health and challenges for policy makers and law enforcement authorities there.
At the end of last week, UNODC announced that it had donated an on-site drug testing device to law enforcement agencies in Jamaica to help counter the threat of NPS in Latin America and the Caribbean.
After being presented with the device, Cheryl Spencer, UN Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Jamaica, said: “Jamaica regards this support to the country through this device as not only a tangible demonstration of international cooperation but also as technology transfer, elements which are critical to the development of small developing countries like Jamaica.”
Women and young girls from Myanmar trafficked as ‘sex slaves’ to families in China, HRW report warns
A new report from Human Rights Watch (HRW) has revealed that young women from Myanmar are being trafficked to China before being locked up and raped until they become pregnant.
Trafficking victims who escaped their captors told the NGO that they were promised well-paid jobs in China by people they trusted such as close relatives, but were instead sold to Chinese families as sex slaves for as much as $13,000.
HRW has accused authorities in both countries of turning a blind eye to the trafficking of women and girls from Kachin and northern Shan States in Myanmar to China, noting that poor human rights protections have made victims easy prey for the organised criminal gangs behind the illicit trade.
Traffickers are said to be able to act with near impunity with little fear of being troubled by law enforcement agencies from either China or Myanmar.
The NGO said families of victims claim they were repeatedly turned away when they reported concerns about the trafficking of their relatives to police, or were asked by law enforcement officers to hand over money before any action would be taken.
Based on the testimony of dozens of trafficking survivors, Myanmar government officials and law enforcement officers, HRW’s report reveals that the families to which victims were sold often appeared to be more interested in having a baby than using the women for sex, and would sometimes allow their “salves” to escape once they had given birth, on the condition that they left their child behind.
One victim told HRW that traffickers told her they would cut off her hands and legs should she attempt to escape, while another described being raped by a man every night, and how she would be threatened with a knife in the event that she refused to have sex.
Heather Barr, HRW Acting Women’s Rights Co-Director and author of the report, said: “The Myanmar and Chinese governments, as well as the Kachin Independence Organisation, should be doing much more to prevent trafficking, recover and assist victims, and prosecute traffickers.
“Donors and international organisations should support the local groups that are doing the hard work that governments won’t to rescue trafficked women and girls and help them recover.”
It is estimated that China has as many as 40 million “missing women” as a result of a preference for boys during the country’s “one-child policy”, which was in place between 1979 and 2015.
The relative dearth of women in China has resulted in some families turning to trafficking from countries such as Myanmar when they want to have children.
- British men jailed over £5 million Premier League football match streaming scam
- Dance music festivals fuelling rise in ecstasy use among young people in South America, UNODC claims
- Women and young girls from Myanmar trafficked as ‘sex slaves’ to families in China, HRW report warns
- An almost endless supply of vulnerable victims makes it all but impossible to stamp out vishing fraud
- Counterfeit goods rise to account for 3.3% of all global trade, OECD report reveals
9 February 2018
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