Connect with us

Opinion

Britain is right to send economic migrants who attempt to cross the English Channel illegally back to France

Published

on

cross the English Channel illegally

Having received a barrage of criticism over his response to a massive uptick in the number of migrants attempting to enter the UK illegally by crossing the English Channel towards the end of 2018, British Home Secretary Sajid Javid last week attempted to regain control of what he has described as “a major incident” by announcing a new action plan agreed with his French counterpart, Christophe Castaner. The pair said they would jointly invest £6 million ($7.8 million) in new security equipment to help customs officials, coastguard officers and police prevent migrants from making the perilous journey in the first place. More importantly, they revealed that any would-be asylum seekers who successfully make it across the water will now be sent back to France under the terms of the Dublin Regulation.

As if to underline how seriously Javid is now taking the problem, the UK Home Office said a small number of migrants who arrived illegally in Britain by boat at the end of last year were returned to France on the morning the announcement was made. While campaigners on the left will no doubt complain that this new action plan is inhumane and cruel, it is in fact quite the opposite, and will if anything help those who are in genuine need of asylum.

As 2018 drew to a close, the number of migrants attempting to make the crossing from France to the UK in flimsy dinghies rose significantly, reportedly partly on account of the fact that people smuggling gangs had told their customers that doing so will become a lot more difficult once Britain leaves the EU at the end of March. Across the course of the whole year, 539 migrants tried to make their way across the English Channel illegally, with 80% of these attempts being made in the final three months of the year, according to UK Home Office figures.

Although comparative numbers for the previous year have not been made publically available, the surge in attempted crossings towards the end of 2018 suggests that this was indeed the beginning of a major incident that required a swift and decisive response. First and foremost, the English Channel is one of the busiest and most-dangerous waterways on the planet, making it a wonder that no migrants have been known to have lost their lives while attempting to cross it to date. Authorities in France have said they would be surprised if migrants have not died while trying to make their way across the water, unbeknownst to authorities, highlighting how important it was for the UK and French government’s to take decisive and meaningful action.

As has been proved so successfully by Australia, one of the best ways of preventing migrants from risking their lives while attempting to travel across treacherous stretches of water illegally is to make it clear that they will be sent back to where they came from if they are successful in doing so. Once it has been established in migrant communities that this will happen as a matter of course, paying thousands of euros to people smugglers for what is very likely to be an unintended return journey to Britain will likely seem a less desirable course of action. Which leads rather nicely onto the next point.

The majority of migrants caught attempting to cross the English Channel at the end of last year were Iranians. While it is inarguable that Iran’s human rights record leaves plenty to be desired, those fleeing the country are not doing so to escape war. They are seeking to make their way to the UK in search of a better life, and in many cases have the funds needed to pay people smugglers to help them reach their desired destination. These are in the majority of cases economic migrants, not refugees fleeing war, persecution and violence. Even when it comes to the few who might be genuine refugees in need of shelter, one has to ask why they have ended up in France attempting to reach the UK.

Under the Dublin Regulation, refugees are quite rightly required to seek asylum in the first EU country in which they arrive. To be candid, observers could be forgiven for finding it strange that the first priority of some refugees supposedly fleeing innumerable horrors in their countries of origin is to make their way north through various safe European countries in the hope of being smuggled into the UK. Of course every country must take in their fair share of genuine asylum seekers, but this must be done in a fair and manged fashion, which is the whole point of the Dublin Regulation.

As well as discouraging migrants from embarking on the dangerous journey across the English Channel, making it clear that any who do will be sent back will also seriously undermine the business model of people smuggling gangs, who make millions of euros by exploiting the refugees and economic migrants who are desperate to reach the UK. The recent uptick in Channel crossings is said to have seen smuggling gangs use “motherships” to take migrants halfway across the Channel, before dropping them off in small dinghies to make the rest of the journey to the southern English coast by themselves.

For providing this service, smuggling gangs are able to charge their human cargo many thousands of euros per head. People smugglers’ businesses, be they operating across the English Channel or further south across the Mediterranean, are largely based on the premise that once migrants make it to their destination of choice, the government of the country in which they arrive will not send them back. Perhaps if the European Union had adopted a similar action plan to the one unveiled by Javid last week, many of the problems associated with the migrant crisis in Europe, including the rise of the far right, could have been avoided.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Daesh could emerge in a deadlier form after the fall of its so-called caliphate

Published

on

Daesh could emerge in a deadlier form

Nearly five years after Daesh appeared to be at the peak of its powers, controlling huge swathes of Syria and Iraq under its so-called Islamic caliphate, the jihadi group is finally facing defeat in the region. US-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) spokespeople have said it is now only a matter of days until the last few hundred hardened Daesh fighters holed up in the Syrian village of Baghouz close to the country’s border with Iraq are “annihilated”. As the clock runs down for these Islamists, the days of gruesome Hollywood-style execution videos and dreams of a final battle against “Crusader” armies in the Syrian town of Dabiq must seem a very long time ago indeed.

While the cleansing of Daesh fighters from the region is obviously good news for the people of both Iraq and Syria who were forced to live under the group’s brutal rule, and will likely be used by US President Donald Trump as an example of how effective his approach to its physical presence in the Middle East has been, the fall of the caliphate will do little to diminish the threat the terrorist organisation poses, nor slow the spread of the ideology that underpins its existence.

Despite the fact that its income has dropped radically as the territory it controls has shrunk, the UN estimates that Daesh is sitting on a war chest of some $300 million that it can use to fund attacks on Western targets once it has regrouped from its losses. Some of this money is said to have been smuggled out of the group’s caliphate to be invested in legitimate businesses. The UN also notes that as a result of its loss of land, Daesh now has fewer liabilities, and will consequently be able to use more of its money to fund operations.

As well as retaining considerable financial muscle, the group also continues to pose a significant threat online. One of the most remarkable aspects of the rise of Daesh’s caliphate was the skill with which the group was able to use technology to spread its propaganda and attract recruits. Speaking with CNBC last November, EU Security Commissioner Julian King said the group remains a major online threat, and is continuing to produce and distribute terrorist content across the internet. This is significant, King said, because Daesh-inspired terrorist attacks that have taken place across Europe and elsewhere over recent years have been carried out predominantly by home-grown extremists, many of whom would have been at least partly radicalised online.

It is also important to remember that as the terror group’s caliphate has crumbled, foreign fighters who left their countries of origin to join its ranks have returned home, many taking with them skills learned on the battlefield, and in some cases and even greater hatred of the West than they harboured before they pledged their allegiance to the organisation. While there has been much debate about the fate of high-profile Daesh foreign fighters who have been captured by Syrian and Kurdish security forces, such as Alexanda Kotey and El Shafee Elsheikh, the reality is that nobody knows how many of the group’s militants have sneaked back into their home nations.

In some cases, concerns have been raised that countries such as Britain might not be able to successfully prosecute jihadi fighters who do travel home under current laws. This has raised worries that in a limited number of instances extremists who have committed the most heinous and brutal of crimes, and who may consider mounting terrorist attacks in the future, could end up freely walking the streets.

Elsewhere, the group has been building its presence in a number of countries that are experiencing their own security issues, and forging alliances with other jihadi organisations that share its worldview. In Nigeria, Boko Haram pledged allegiance to Daesh in 2015, leading to the breakaway of a splinter group named Islamic State West Africa Province the following year. Similarly, senior members of jihadi Philippines group Abu Sayyaf have repeatedly sworn oaths of allegiance to Daesh, which the latter group officially recognised in 2016. Meanwhile, militants from Daesh who have fled the group’s caliphate are said to have been regrouping in countries such as Afghanistan and Yemen, prompting fears that the organisation could use these countries as bases from which to launch fresh atrocities.

While the imminent end to Daesh’s presence in Iraq and Syria should of course be celebrated, it must not be allowed to lull the group’s enemies into a false sense of security. Daesh, like jihadi terrorism more generally, shows no sign of declining any time soon, making it a very real possibility that the extremist organisation could remerge in the not too distant future in an even more deadly form.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Cutting traditional drugs with dangerous new synthetics is a profitable business model: Expect to see more of it

Published

on

cutting traditional drugs with dangerous new synthetics

At the end of last month, a study published by the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence revealed that just under 1% of US teenagers are knowingly consuming the synthetic cathinone flakka, a powerful stimulant that has been said to cause users to strip naked in public, convulse violently in the street and attempt to “have sex with trees”. Researchers at NYU Langone said the true number of young adult Americans who are routinely taking the drug could in fact be much higher, and that many might be consuming it without their knowledge, primarily on account of the fact that it is now commonly being added by dealers to more traditional illicit substances such as ecstasy and cocaine. Flakka, or alpha-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone, is part of a group of new psychoactive substances that has risen in popularity across the western world over recent years, along with “bath salts”, or Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, which is said to have driven one user to eat the face of a homeless man in Miami back in 2012.

As potent as methamphetamine, flakka is routinely referred to as being similar to cocaine, but is in fact potentially far more dangerous. Unlike cocaine, a small misjudgement of dose can result in episodes of extreme delirium or even death. Consumption of the drug, which is incredibly cheap to manufacture, can also trigger long-term psychosis in users. After initially attracting drug users across the socio-economic divide, flakka, and new psychoactive substances more generally, have now become a preferred option for vulnerable sections of society such as the homeless and prisoners, with wealthier drug users preferring more expensive traditional drugs such as cocaine.

In the UK, the use of bath salts, or “monkey dust” as it referred to locally, is decimating homeless communities, with users describing it as being worse than heroin or crack. While it is of course alarming that young Americans are using flakka at all, albeit it in very small numbers knowingly, the NYU Langone study highlights a worrying growing trend for drug producers and dealers to add cheap and powerful synthetic substances to traditional narcotics such as ecstasy and cocaine.

While dealers have always sought to cut their drugs with whatever substances they can find that might help them squeeze more profit out of their products, the growing prevalence of traditional drugs being laced with powerful new synthetic chemicals is a phenomenon that has come to the fore over recent years, most notably in the US, where the country’s spiralling opioid crisis has seen drug manufacturers and street suppliers mix their heroin with fentanyl, a powerful synthetic opioid.

More recently, police in both America and Canada have discovered batches of cocaine that have been laced with fentanyl, which is produced in huge quantities in illicit drugs factories across China. This is a phenomenon that has also been found in the UK and elsewhere across Europe, despite the drug failing to have the same impact elsewhere as it has in the US. In spite of this, worries are rising in Britain and other countries about an increase in the number of drug overdose deaths linked to fentanyl, which is increasingly being found in traditional drugs outside of the US.

It is not difficult to understand why drug manufacturers and dealers appear to be becoming increasingly attracted to the idea of cutting the traditional drugs they sell with potent synthetic substances. Not only are chemicals such as fentanyl and flakka cheap to produce and easy to get hold of, but they are also incredibly powerful, meaning a small amount of either can go a very long way. Just 0.25 milligrams of the former can be enough to trigger an overdose in some users. This means drug makers and dealers need only add a small amount of these types of substances to heroin or ecstasy to radically boost their potency. With fentanyl, some users in the UK and America have become so accustomed to the high they are able to achieve when they take heroin laced with the synthetic opioid that the traditional form of the drug no longer provides a sufficient effect.

While it has always been the case that users of illicit drugs can never be truly sure of what is really in the substances they choose consume, the emerging trend of powerful new psychoactive chemicals being added to traditional drugs is something that should concern policymakers, health campaigners and users alike. The fact that more festivals and nightclubs are providing people with facilities that allow them to test what is really in their drugs might go some way to preventing users from consuming something that might do them serious harm, but with the profits to be made by passing off unpredictable synthetics as traditional drugs being so high, it will likely now become ever more the case that users will need to be prepared for unpleasant surprises.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Deplorable criminal practices such as FGM must not be brushed under the carpet in the name of political correctness

Published

on

deplorable criminal practices such as FGM

Some 34 years after the barbarous practice was first outlawed in the UK, British prosecutors last week secured the conviction of the first person in the country to be successfully tried for carrying out female genital mutilation (FGM) on a child. More than a third of a decade after the Prohibition of Female Circumcision Act 1985 was passed into law, a 37-year-old mother from east London who cannot be named for legal reasons was found guilty at the Old Bailey of taking a sharp instrument to her three-year-old daughter’s genitals, most likely while the child was being held down by a number of other people, screaming out in unbearable agony.

The Ugandan woman, who took her daughter to hospital with appalling injuries to her genitals when the procedure went wrong, claiming she had fallen on the edge of a kitchen cupboard, taught her child to lie to investigators about the barbaric procedure she had been forced to endure. She then carried out a bizarre series of black magic rituals intended to bring misfortune on the police and social workers who had been assigned to work on her daughter’s case.

While any right-minded person would applaud the fact that this mother is now facing the prospect of up to 14 years behind bars, questions have to be asked as to why it has taken so long for anybody to be convicted of this heinous crime in the UK. Unfortunately, it is not for a want of victims. According to data collated by child protection charity the NSPCC, 137,000 women and girls living in England and Wales are victims of FGM. The charity notes that since July 2015, at least 205 Female Genital Mutilation Protection Orders have been issued to safeguard girls who might be at risk of being cut, suggesting the authorities are able to identify potential victims in some cases.

Sadly though, it appears that as with other illegal practices that are prevalent among some communities, such as certain forms of child grooming for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced marriage, authorities seem to be unwilling to take serious action on FGM through fear of being labelled as “racist”. Unbelievably, West Midlands Police last year took to Twitter to tell its followers that parents who are responsible for FGM being carried out on their own children should not always be prosecuted. Imagine making a similar statement about parents who sexually assault their own kids.

It is often argued that FGM is a crime that is incredibly hard to police, owing to the fact that it is typically carried out by parents on their own young children, who in many cases would be unlikely to come forward to report what has happened to them. It was this week revealed by the BBC that parents are increasingly carrying out FGM on their children while they are babies in a bid to avoid the attention of authorities. While it is certainly true that this is a very difficult crime to investigate and prosecute, few would argue that police in Britain and other Western countries are doing enough to crack down on the practice, more often than not due to fear of accusations of racism.

Much more could be done to help potential victims of FGM if worries about political correctness and cultural relativism were put to one side. For instance, children who are born to women who have been cut themselves, or those from communities where the practice of FGM is more common, could be put on an at-risk register and closely monitored. More questions could be asked when children from certain backgrounds are taken out of school and sent “back home” to countries where genital cutting is carried out. Potential victims could be given more encouragement to reach out for help if they feel they are soon to be cut, much in the same way that other children are encouraged to come forward if they face familial or other forms of sexual abuse. Some might argue that this would involve a certain degree of profiling, but surely this would be a small price to pay if it were to result in a fall in the number of girls who are put through an excruciating experience that leaves them mutilated for life.

Those who believe that FGM, or other illegal practices that seem to be more common among certain communities, should be covered up for the sake of “diversity” must not be allowed to deny these children the protection and justice they deserve. We must hope that last week’s prosecution will serve as a turning point, but as with predominantly “Asian” child rape gangs and forced marriage, no real progress will be made on FGM until politicians, police, social workers and academics are willing to put aside politically-correct anxieties about being labelled as racist. Those who harbour these anxieties would rightly be appalled to hear of child abuse being carried out by white Christians. To turn a blind eye to similar crimes being committed in other communities betrays an almost institutionalised bigotry of low expectations.

Continue Reading

Newsletter

Sign up for our mailing list to receive updates and information on events

Social Widget

Latest articles

Press review

Follow us on Twitter

Trending

Shares