A US sex trafficking victim jailed for life as a teenager for shooting a man who had paid to sleep with her has been granted clemency by Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam.
Cyntoia Brown, 30, was only 16 when she was convicted of shooting and killing real estate agent Johnny Allen, who had picked her up for sex at a restaurant in East Nashville before taking her back to his home.
Brown, who had been forced to work as a prostitute by her pimp boyfriend after she ran away from home, claimed she was in fear of her life when she killed Allen, arguing that she believed he was going to shoot her if she did not act first.
She was handed a life sentence after being tried as an adult in 2006 after prosecutors argued she had murdered Allen in cold blood before stealing his gun, money and a car.
Over the past 15 years, campaigners have argued that Brown should have been treated as a victim rather than a killer, not only on account of the fact that she had been forced into sex work, but also because she lacked the mental capacity to be criminally culpable for her actions as she was born suffering from foetal alcohol syndrome.
She will now be released from jail in August, after which time she will spend 10 years on parole under supervision to ensure she does not break any state or federal laws, obtains and holds down a job, and participates in regular counselling sessions.
Explaining his decision to grant clemency in a statement, Haslam said: “Cyntoia Brown committed, by her own admission, a horrific crime at the age of 16.
“Yet, imposing a life sentence on a juvenile that would require her to serve at least 51 years before even being eligible for parole consideration is too harsh, especially in light of the extraordinary steps Ms Brown has taken to rebuild her life.”
Speaking through her legal team, Brown thanked Haslam for his decision to free her, adding: “I am thankful for all the support, prayers, and encouragement I have received.”
Numerous celebrities who had campaigned for Brown’s release took to social media after Haslam’s clemency statement was made, with Kim Kardashian West, Alyssa Milano and Sophia Bush posting on their Twitter profiles to thank the governor for his decision.
Stacey Abrams, who became the first black female nominee for governor in the US during the mid-term elections, tweeted: “Justice has finally been served: #CyntoiaBrown has been granted clemency.
“This victory belongs to Cyntoia Brown & to the Tennessee human trafficking activists, especially Black women, who refused to concede injustice & instead organized to create change.”
British men jailed over £5 million Premier League football match streaming scam
Three men have been jailed for a combined total of 17 years by a UK court after being convicted of running a pirate streaming service that offered illegal access to live Premier League football matches to more than 1,000 pubs, clubs and private homes in England and Wales over a 10-year period.
Steven King, Paul Rolston and Daniel Malone, who ran companies trading under the names of Dreambox, Dreambox TV Limited, and Digital Switchover Limited, are said to have raked in over £5 million ($6.53 million) over the decade during which their scam lasted.
Head of the operation King was handed a seven-year-and-four-month sentence, while Rolston was jailed for six years and four months, and Malone for three years and three months.
Warwick Crown Court heard during a four-week trial how the men exploited a range of technologies to facilitate their illicit streaming service, conspiring with a number of third parties both in Britain and throughout Europe to create and illegally broadcast livestreams of games.
Finding all three men guilty of conspiracy to defraud, a judge described the operation as a “dishonest, dodgy business”, noting that the defendants’ efforts to frustrate broadcasters’ attempts to investigate the scam had been an aggravating factor that was reflected in the length of their sentences.
The judge was also critical of the “profoundly dishonest” businesses that profited from using the men’s streaming services without paying broadcasters.
Commenting on the men’s sentences in a statement, Premier League Director of Legal Services Kevin Plumb said: “Today’s decision has provided further evidence that the law will catch up with companies and individuals that defraud rights owners and breach copyright.
“The custodial sentences issued here reflect the seriousness and the scale of the crimes.
“Using these services is unlawful and fans should be aware that when they do so they enter into agreements with illegal businesses.
“They also risk being victims of fraud or identity theft by handing over personal data and financial details.”
Kieron Sharp, Director General of the Federation Against Copyright Theft (Fact), said the length of the men’s sentences demonstrated that the illegal streaming of Premier League football matches is a serious crime, adding: “For those people using services such as this, do not think that this is a grey area – it is not, it is breaking the law.”
It is estimated that the typical British pub that shows Premier League matches legally pays £20,000 a year to broadcasters such as Sky and BT.
Dance music festivals fuelling rise in ecstasy use among young people in South America, UNODC claims
Ecstasy and new psychoactive substances (NPS) that mimic the effects of MDMA are becoming increasingly popular among young people in South America, according to a report published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
In the latest edition of its Global SMART Newsletter for Latin America and the Caribbean, the agency said secondary school pupils and university students are taking the drugs in greater quantities at electronic music festivals.
The report also revealed that some Caribbean countries have experienced an uptick in the use of ecstasy-like substances largely on account of the fact that tourists are bringing the drugs with them while on holiday.
Noting that while seizures of these types of drugs are generally much lower in Latin America and the Caribbean than in North America and Europe, UNODC observes that some countries in the region have seen large amounts of ecstasy-like substances discovered by law enforcement authorities in recent years.
“The market of ecstasy in the region has evolved significantly and has become more complex over time,” the report says.
“Currently, ecstasy is available in two main forms; as tablets containing varying doses of MDMA, ranging from no MDMA at all to high doses, and as powder or in crystalline form.
“Both forms of presentation often contain substances other than MDMA, including NPS with stimulant effects.”
Looking at the emergence of NPS in Latin America and the Caribbean, UNODC said 14 countries in the region have reported the presence of 178 different synthetic drugs belonging to a diverse range of chemical groups over the course of the past decade.
In 2017, more than 60 different NPS were reported to UNODC by nine countries in the region, highlighting the emergence of a trend that the agency said presents a serious threat to public health and challenges for policy makers and law enforcement authorities there.
At the end of last week, UNODC announced that it had donated an on-site drug testing device to law enforcement agencies in Jamaica to help counter the threat of NPS in Latin America and the Caribbean.
After being presented with the device, Cheryl Spencer, UN Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Jamaica, said: “Jamaica regards this support to the country through this device as not only a tangible demonstration of international cooperation but also as technology transfer, elements which are critical to the development of small developing countries like Jamaica.”
Women and young girls from Myanmar trafficked as ‘sex slaves’ to families in China, HRW report warns
A new report from Human Rights Watch (HRW) has revealed that young women from Myanmar are being trafficked to China before being locked up and raped until they become pregnant.
Trafficking victims who escaped their captors told the NGO that they were promised well-paid jobs in China by people they trusted such as close relatives, but were instead sold to Chinese families as sex slaves for as much as $13,000.
HRW has accused authorities in both countries of turning a blind eye to the trafficking of women and girls from Kachin and northern Shan States in Myanmar to China, noting that poor human rights protections have made victims easy prey for the organised criminal gangs behind the illicit trade.
Traffickers are said to be able to act with near impunity with little fear of being troubled by law enforcement agencies from either China or Myanmar.
The NGO said families of victims claim they were repeatedly turned away when they reported concerns about the trafficking of their relatives to police, or were asked by law enforcement officers to hand over money before any action would be taken.
Based on the testimony of dozens of trafficking survivors, Myanmar government officials and law enforcement officers, HRW’s report reveals that the families to which victims were sold often appeared to be more interested in having a baby than using the women for sex, and would sometimes allow their “salves” to escape once they had given birth, on the condition that they left their child behind.
One victim told HRW that traffickers told her they would cut off her hands and legs should she attempt to escape, while another described being raped by a man every night, and how she would be threatened with a knife in the event that she refused to have sex.
Heather Barr, HRW Acting Women’s Rights Co-Director and author of the report, said: “The Myanmar and Chinese governments, as well as the Kachin Independence Organisation, should be doing much more to prevent trafficking, recover and assist victims, and prosecute traffickers.
“Donors and international organisations should support the local groups that are doing the hard work that governments won’t to rescue trafficked women and girls and help them recover.”
It is estimated that China has as many as 40 million “missing women” as a result of a preference for boys during the country’s “one-child policy”, which was in place between 1979 and 2015.
The relative dearth of women in China has resulted in some families turning to trafficking from countries such as Myanmar when they want to have children.
- British men jailed over £5 million Premier League football match streaming scam
- Dance music festivals fuelling rise in ecstasy use among young people in South America, UNODC claims
- Women and young girls from Myanmar trafficked as ‘sex slaves’ to families in China, HRW report warns
- An almost endless supply of vulnerable victims makes it all but impossible to stamp out vishing fraud
- Counterfeit goods rise to account for 3.3% of all global trade, OECD report reveals
9 February 2018
9 February 2018
8 February 2018
28 November 2017
28 November 2017
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