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Kenya to roll out mobile phone service that will allow people to check authenticity of medicines

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check authenticity of medicines

Authorities in Kenya are to roll out a new system that will allow members of the public to check whether their medicines are genuine using their mobile phones.

The Kenya Pharmacy and Poisons Board has said that both locally-produced and imported medicines are to be assigned unique identifier codes that will be used during the verification process.

The Board said it is currently working with developers to create a process that will track all medicines in the country through the supply chain, and allow Kenyans to use a short message code system to verify the authenticity of their drugs.

It is expected that the system will be ready to roll out to the public by the middle of this year.

Announcing the new initiative at a three-day workshop on combating counterfeit drugs organised by the Conference of Western Attorney-General Africa Alliance Partnership in Nairobi, the Board’s Registrar and CEO Fred Siyoi said: “At the patient’s level, they will be able to tell if it is genuine paracetamol, its side effects, the pharmaceutical it has been dispensed from and whether it is registered using the unique identifier number and a code.

“Currently, it is being developed and we have started its trailing. Once the trailing is done, we will launch it within the year.”

Noting that 80% of all medication in Kenya is imported, Siyoi said that deploying new technology is the only way to deal with the organised criminal gangs behind the country’s illicit trade in counterfeit drugs.

He also outlined a range of other initiatives being undertaken by the Board to tackle the sale of fake medicines in Kenya, including GPS mapping of registered pharmacies, the deployment of drug inspectors at ports and airports, and the use of technology such as spectrometers, which scan drugs to establish whether they contain an active ingredient.

A report published by the World Health Organisation in November 2017 estimated that one in 10 medicines sold in low and middle-income countries were either counterfeit or substandard.

According to the report, the majority of the fake medicines (42%) reported to the UN agency over the study period were circulating in Africa.

“Pharmacists in some African countries have declared that in order to compete with the illegal street markets and hawkers of medicines they are compelled to source their products from the cheapest but not necessarily the safest suppliers in order to keep their business afloat,” the report said.

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ASEAN nations hit by data breaches, ransomware attacks and cryptojacking last year, Interpol says

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ASEAN nations hit by data breaches

Southeast Asia experienced “significant” levels of cyber crime in 2019, including major data breaches, crippling ransomware attacks and a huge rise in cryptojacking, according to a new report from Interpol.

In its ASEAN Cyberthreat Assessment 2020, the International law enforcement agency revealed that the region saw an increase in botnet detections and the hosting of Command and Control (C2) servers in the first half of last year.

Interpol also said phishing campaigns increased in both quantity and sophistication, using advanced social engineering techniques.

Data obtained by Interpol’s private partners for the report showed that the region suffered 5% of global business email compromise (BEC) attacks, with Singapore and Malaysia recording the highest BEC cases of all ASEAN countries (54% and 20%, respectively).

Over the first half of last year, Southeast Asia saw a 50% rise in banking malware attacks compared to the whole of 2018, with prominent malware families such as the Emotet16 banking Trojan shifting from banking credential theft to the distribution business.

Elsewhere, the increasing popularity of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin resulted in the rise of crypto-ransomware and cryptojacking, the latter of which involves hackers exploiting unsuspecting computer users’ processing power and bandwidth to mine virtual currency after infiltrating their systems using purpose-built malware.

The Interpol ASEAN Cybercrime Operations Desk concluded its report by vowing to enhance cyber crime intelligence for effective responses to cyber crime in the region, strengthen cooperation for joint operations against cyber crime, and develop regional capacity and capabilities to combat cyber crime.

Commenting on the contents of the report, Interpol’s Director of Cyber Crime Craig Jones said: “In today’s highly digitalised world, the sooner countries are aware of a threat, the sooner they can take steps to mitigate the risk and minimise the cyber threats coming from all directions.

“To this end, we encourage law enforcement in all countries to be actively engaged in collective efforts against these threats, particularly through sharing intelligence and the formulation of a joint operation framework to effectively reduce the global impact of cybercrime.”

In January, Interpol teamed up with several Southeast Asian law enforcement agencies to crack down on cryptojacking.

They used intelligence obtained from police and partners in the cyber security industry to identify a global cryptojacking campaign facilitated by hackers in the region through the exploitation of a vulnerability in MikroTik routers.

Interpol’s Operation Goldfish Alpha also sought to raise awareness of what is a relatively unknown crime in the region, and teach local law enforcement agencies how to deal with it effectively.

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Counterfeit rail ticket gang leaders jailed for total of 24 years by UK court

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The ringleaders of a UK-based organised crime network behind a multimillion-pound fake rail ticket conspiracy have been handed jail sentences totalling 24 years at Inner London Crown Court.

Investigators from British Transport Police (BTP), which specialises in investigating crime committed on the UK’s railways and light-rail systems, began a probe that led to the arrest of the gang members after rail inspectors noticed the counterfeit tickets in circulation across London.

The gang sold the tickets, which appeared to be genuine and worked when used at ticket barriers at railway stations, at half the price of their face value.

Detectives estimate the gang cost rail companies approximately £8 million ($10.33 million) during the conspiracy, which is thought to have run from 2016 to 2019, and involved the sale of weekly and monthly rail season tickets.

BTP described the scam as a pyramid scheme, during which one ringleader, Manuel Da Costa Silva, would source large numbers of counterfeit tickets before passing them onto lower level distributers who would either sell them to customers or offload them in bulk to even lower level criminals.

The bogus tickets were manufactured by brothers Stefan and Sorin Covrig along with a third man named Ciprian Buda.

They used blank tickets, card readers, computer programs and printers to produce their illicit product.

During a police raid on their homes, investigators seized almost 60,000 blank tickets, which if printed with could have made the gang as much as £20 million.

Stefan Covrig was jailed for seven years and six months, while his brother Sorin was handed a sentence of four years and six months.

Buda was jailed for four years and six months, while Silva received seven years and six months after also being sentenced for money laundering.

Commenting after the men were jailed, Siwan Hayward, Director of Compliance and Policing at Transport for London, said: “Organised fraud like this is rare and we have robust controls in place to identify and stop illegal activity.

“Our team of 450 revenue inspectors operates across our network day and night and includes a specialist counterfeit ticket team who detected these fake National Rail tickets circulating on our network.

“This scam defrauded the public of millions of pounds that should have been invested in the transport network.

“We have a zero-tolerance approach to any fraud on our network and welcome the news that these criminals have been brought to justice.”

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International Organisation for Migration launches campaign against human trafficking in Sri Lanka

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human trafficking in Sri Lanka

The UN’s International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has teamed up with the Sri Lankan government to launch a new initiative intended to help fight human trafficking on the South Asian island.

In partnership with Sri Lanka’s Ministry of Justice, Human Rights and Legal Reforms, the agency is running a public information campaign intended to encourage victims of human trafficking and forced labour to come forward and report crimes committed against them.

The initiative, which will include advertisements run on TV and radio, is also intended to educate members of the public so as they are better able to spot the signs of human trafficking and forced labour and report concerns of any such crimes to police.

IOM Sri Lanka, which has provided grants to more than 90 human trafficking victims and vulnerable migrants since 2017, said the majority of cases it deals with relate to forced labour in Middle East countries such as Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Oman.

Many Sri Lankan victims of human trafficking travel to such countries to seek work in the hospitality and domestic sectors.

The agency also highlighted cases in which men from Sri Lanka have suffered labour exploitation in Singapore and Malaysia in the construction industry, and one incident in which 12 Sri Lankan fishermen were trafficked to Somaliland.

Funded by the US State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, the campaign will also be advertised through street theatre and billboards.

Speaking at the launch of the campaign, Anthony Renzulli, Chief Political Officer at the US Embassy in Colombo, said: “We must stop trafficking at its source and hold traffickers accountable; we must urge governments to implement their laws by building effective delivery systems of justice and protection; and we must proactively identify and provide needed services to survivors.

“If we are to accomplish all of these things, we must continue to refine our efforts and focus on impact.”

At the end of January, the Colombo Gazette reported that Pakistan had pledged to help Sri Lanka fight human trafficking and the illicit drug trade.

On a visit to Colombo, Pakistani Navy Commander Admiral Zafar Mahmood Abbasi said the two nations should boost existing cooperation on security issues and improve information sharing.

“Pakistan will assist to repair the Sri Lanka Navy’s hovercraft and also to develop a library at the proposed National Defence College,” he said.

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