Connect with us

Opinion

Western governments have a responsibility to prevent paedophiles abusing children in countries such as the Philippines

Published

on

Relatively speaking, western law enforcement agencies have made great progress when it comes to targeting paedophiles in recent years. While the example of “Asian” street grooming gangs avoiding punishment for decades in countries such as the UK might suggest otherwise, along with the seemingly never-ending abuse scandal in the Catholic Church, on the whole, police in western nations now take the issue of child sexual exploitation a lot more seriously than they did as recently as 10 years ago. As a consequence, paedophiles living in the west who wish to act on their sexual interest in children must now do so with a great deal more caution than they once did. For those unwilling to seek treatment to stop them from acting on their urges, the answer to this problem often involves turning to nations where child protection laws are not as effective as those in their home countries.

Unfortunately, it has long been the case that western paedophiles have sought to abuse children in poorer parts of the world such as Southeast Asia, but with the widening availability of low-cost air travel and high-speed internet access, doing so has become easier than ever, either in person or remotely over the internet. This has led to a burgeoning child sexual exploitation industry in countries such as the Philippines that has continued to grow as western law enforcement agencies have sought to do more to target paedophiles both on and offline domestically. As a result, an illicit trade has emerged that involves impoverished Filipino families accepting money from organised criminal gangs in exchange for allowing their children to be abused in front of webcams to satisfy the desires of western paedophiles, many of whom have become wise to the threat of being arrested by police in the countries in which they live.

In an attempt to clamp down on the growing problem, a coalition of law enforcement agencies last week opened a new centre in the Philippines designed to help local investigators better deal with the online sexual exploitation of children across the Southeast Asian country. Launched partly in response to local gangs livestreaming bespoke sex shows featuring local children over apps such as Skype, the Philippine Internet Crimes Against Children Centre (PICACC) is intended to equip local law enforcement agencies with the skills and technology they require to locate and bring to justice the gangs behind these types of crimes. Official government figures demonstrate the scale of the problem, showing that in 2017 alone there were almost 45,700 reported incidents of child online sexual exploitation in the Philippines, with around half of victims rescued by investigators aged 12 or younger. The true number of incidents is almost certain to be much higher, with anecdotal evidence suggesting the Philippines remains a mecca for western paedophiles.

At the end of February, a female member of a Filipino child-snatching gang explained from behind bars how she and her associates kidnapped minors from the streets to sell onto paedophiles from the west. Speaking from her prison cell after being caught by police attempting to abduct a 10-year-old girl in Paranaque City, Lilibeth Bustamante told reporters how she was paid the equivalent of just $20 to carry out the kidnapping, and that the children she and other gangs members procured would be sold on for as little as $3,550. She said: “I only take them, they sell. They only give me one thousand pesos. I send it to my family in Mindoro. We have a quota of two children per week. Our target age is 10-years-old and above.” Bustamante’s evidence suggests there remains a high demand for children in the Philippines from western paedophiles such as Australian Peter Gerard Scully, who was sentenced to life in the country last year after being dubbed one the world’s most depraved child rapists, and Briton Douglas Slade, who is being sued while in a UK jail by his alleged Filipino victims.

It is encouraging that that the likes of the UK National Crime Agency (NCA) and the Australian Federal Police (AFP) are helping authorities in the Philippines target the organised criminal gangs that are profiting from procuring and exploiting children for western paedophiles, but the establishment of the PICACC should form the basis of a wider effort to tackle the issue. Western governments have a responsibility to ensure that paedophiles from their countries are not able to harm children in poorer nations. As well as funding more initiatives such as the PICACC, this means taking greater steps to prevent child abusers from travelling to these countries, as well as limiting their access to the internet to make sure they are unable to pay to view children being abused in developing nations.

Continue Reading

Opinion

How phone fraudsters are scamming people while pretending to be government officials

Published

on

pretending to be government officials

Law enforcement agencies and anti-fraud bodies across the globe spend a great deal of time and effort attempting to educate members of the public about phone fraud. Despite this, incidents involving consumers being scammed in these types of plots remain relatively high, even though people are routinely warned not to hand over any personal or financial information when they are cold called. In the majority of cases, anybody who deals with their finances online or uses telephone banking services will have come across multiple warnings regarding the potential perils of inadvertently handing over their passwords or agreeing with a cold caller to have money paid into a holding account in the event of an alleged fraud. Consequently, it can sometimes be difficult to have sympathy for people who allow themselves to be conned in these circumstances. It can be a different story however when a fraudster calls up pretending to be from a government agency.

The majority of people will have had at least some experience of dealing with the financial institutions with which they have relationships over the phone, often to the degree that they would be able to tell if something were amiss if they were called by a fraudster pretending to be from any such firm. Conversely, far fewer members of the public are used to routinely dealing with government agencies that might have reason to contact them, and would likely be less than familiar with what to expect from a call from somebody purporting to be a public official. This is a fact that phone fraudsters are able to take full advantage of.

At the beginning of this month, the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) revealed that complaints to its Consumer Sentinel Network about government imposter scams reached record levels this spring. The consumer protection agency noted an increase in the number of phone scams that involved fraudsters pretending to be from official agencies such as the Social Security Administration, the Internal Revenue Service or some other government department. In May alone, the FTC said it received around 46,600 complaints relating to this type of fraud, and noted that some victims are being threatened with arrest if they refuse to hand over fictitious back-tax payments. In some cases, fraudsters are using sophisticated “number spoofing” technology that makes it look to victims as though they are calling from official government phone lines. Some scammers are even demanding that victims hand over their payment in the form of gift cards, which the FTC said should be the perfect giveaway that a fraud is taking place.

Meanwhile in the UK, the BBC last week revealed that organised scammers are taking advantage of loopholes in the British government’s new Universal Credit welfare system to profit from plunging jobless people into debt. The fraudsters approach unemployed people while pretending to be government workers and offer to help them apply for welfare benefits. After taking down their personal and banking information, the scammers apply for emergency loans in the names of their victims, taking the money and leaving the benefit claimants they target laden with the subsequent debt. The BBC found that the criminal networks behind the scam are using social media to attract victims, setting up Facebook pages with titles such as Gov Grants Same Day, Same Day Grant, Discretionary Budgeting Grant and Same Day Grant Payment. In a separate scam, fraudsters are contacting UK taxpayers by phone and threatening them with legal action or even jail if they fail to hand over on-the-spot fines of many thousands of pounds.

Chinese nationals are routinely targeted in these types of scams, with organised criminal networks operating illegal call centres in multiple locations around the world dedicated to contacting potential victims who originate from China. In some cases, these gangs have been known to call people they have already targeted in past scams while posing as police officers in order to convince them to hand over more money under the pretence that a payment is required before an investigation into the previous fraud can be launched. Just this week, police in Australia issued a warning about a telephone fraud conspiracy targeting the country’s Chinese community, particularly international students. In several “complex social engineering fraud and telephone scams”, the criminal networks behind these extortion plots call potential victims pretending to be from a range of official agencies. In one particularly sad example of the way phone fraudsters target Chinese nationals, it was reported back in 2016 that a prospective university student from Shandong province had died of a heart attack after she was conned out of her tuition fees. Fraudsters contacted the 18-year-old pretending to be from the “education ministry” and convinced her to transfer the money to a bank account under their control.

In many cases, people who fall victim to scams such as these will stand little chance of getting their money back, leaving them facing significant financial hardship. The sad reality of the matter is though, that while law enforcement agencies do all they can to raise awareness of this type of phone fraud, the scammers who perpetrate it will  continue to profit all the while they are able to find vulnerable victims who fear getting into any type of trouble with authority.

Continue Reading

Opinion

Why organised criminal networks are moving into anabolic steroids and other performance enhancing drugs

Published

on

criminal networks are moving into anabolic steroids

An extraordinary number of people these days put an inordinate amount of time, money and effort into the way they look. In many cases, it would seem, they do so largely on account of worries over how they might appear to their followers on social media. Evidence suggests that a growing number of these image-obsessed individuals are increasingly turning to anabolic steroids and other cosmetic drugs such as fat-burning pills and tanning injections in order to achieve the appearance they desire, despite the huge amount of harm these substances can cause. Alarmingly, use of anabolic steroids has been rising in countries such as the UK for several years, with one study published in 2018 revealing that a million Britons had taken them solely to enhance their appearance rather than their sporting performance.

Similar patterns have been noted in Australia in recent years, while in the US, it has been reported that steroid abuse has been becoming more of a problem among teenagers. Although often associated with young men who are keen to bulk up, Scottish experts cautioned back in 2017 that middle-aged men were increasingly turning to the drugs in a bid to make themselves look younger, in spite of the potential health risks.

As anabolic steroids are of limited medical use and are typically only available on prescription in most countries, the majority of people who wish to take them must get hold of them illegally, which has led to the illicit trade in such drugs becoming more attractive to organised criminal networks operating in numerous countries. The extent to which crime gangs have become involved in the sports doping market was revealed earlier this week when Europol announced that an operation it led had been responsible for the disruption of 17 organised crime networks involved in the production and trafficking of counterfeit and smuggled medicines such as steroids.

Operation Viribus, which involved law enforcement agencies from 33 countries, resulted in the location and shutdown of nine illicit doping production laboratories, the seizure of almost 24 tonnes of raw steroid powder, and the arrest of 234 suspects. Europol said intelligence gathered during the operation showed that organised criminal networks are shipping huge quantities of steroids into EU member states to cater for growing demand, and that smaller players are ordering shipments of the drugs from countries such as China to sell in gyms.

It is not difficult to see why organised crime groups have seen the illicit trade in steroid-like drugs as a golden opportunity. Aside from the apparent growing popularity of such substances, sports doping laboratories are relatively cheap and easy to set up, while the knowledge required to produce these types of drugs in large quantities can be acquired by almost anybody online, regardless of their knowledge of chemistry. On top of this, the penalties for trafficking or distributing anabolic steroids and similar drugs are lighter in many countries than those for dealing in substances such as cocaine and heroin.

Just weeks before the results of Operation Viribus were made public, Europol revealed that most of the counterfeiting that affects member states is carried out by professional criminal organisations, and that these networks were increasingly producing a wider range of fake medicines, including performance enhancing drugs such as anabolic steroids and doping substances. In several EU countries, law enforcement authorities have recently made more than 20 seizures of 2,4-Dinitrophenol (DNP), a toxic chemical that is sometimes sold as a so-called “fat burner”. Meanwhile back in October of last year, Interpol said anabolic steroids and slimming pills had been among 500 tonnes of fake medicines it had seized during an operation targeting illicit pharmaceuticals in 116 countries.

Only last month, a man from London was convicted for his role in a £40 million ($49.12 million) steroid smuggling conspiracy that was said to have been the largest of its type ever disrupted globally. Gurjaipal Dhillon, 65, who is due to be sentenced later this month, was found guilty of acting as a fixer for the group by arranging dozens of unlicensed shipments of drugs from India into Europe, where they were eventually sold onto body builders on the black market. With reports of smaller but similar conspiracies emerging in countries such as Canada, the US, Israel and Ireland, evidence suggests that organised criminal gangs have become wise to the large amounts of money that can be made by trafficking these drugs, and the relatively light punishment they might face if they are caught doing so.

With modern culture across the globe becoming more image obsessed, and with people seemingly becoming increasingly willing to go to more extreme lengths to achieve the look they believe they must present to the world, it seems likely that the illicit market for steroids and other performance enhancing drugs will only grow over the short to medium term. This expanding market will inevitably continue to attract the attention of both large and small organised criminal groups, which will happily seek to meet the demand for such substances, regardless of the devastating effect they can have on users’ physical and mental health.

Continue Reading

Opinion

The case of a migrant corpse falling from a Heathrow-bound jet highlights the threat of poor aviation security in developing nations

Published

on

poor aviation security in developing countries

Air travel security has changed radically since the 9/11 attacks of 2001. In the immediate aftermath of the worst terrorist atrocity the world has seen, governments, airlines and aviation authorities across the globe imposed a range of measures intended to make it less likely that extremists could stage a similar attack in the future. Over the years that have passed, nervous regulators have not hesitated to introduce additional security procedures as and when new threats have emerged, such as a ban on travelling with liquids that was swiftly implemented back in 2006 when UK police uncovered a jihadi plot to blow up a transatlantic flight. While these measures appear to have helped prevent a repeat of anything on the scale of 9/11 over the past 18 years, several recent incidents suggest that aviation security is far from as tight as it could or should be, and that luck may also have played role in the fact that the world has not been subjected to another major aviation terrorist spectacular.

On Sunday afternoon, the frozen corpse of a migrant who had hidden in a Kenya Airways plane’s landing gear fell into a residential garden in south London, narrowly missing a man who was sunbathing. Witnesses said that if the migrant’s body had plummeted to earth just a few seconds later, it might have landed on Clapham Common, where there would have been hundreds of people at the time. While the shocking nature of the incident led to it being widely reported in media across the globe, scarce attention has been paid to how the migrant was able to stowaway on the flight, and the questions this raises about security at Nairobi’s Jomo Kenyatta International Airport, from where the plane departed.

Responding to reports of the migrant’s death, the Kenya Airports Authority, which owns and operates nine civilian airports and airstrips across the country, said it was investigating how the man managed to apparently sneak past customs checks and climb onto the plane before it left for London. On Twitter, the authority said: “We wish to reiterate that safety and security is a priority at our airports and this incident is being treated with the seriousness it deserves.”

The case is the latest of several relatively recent incidents that have highlighted how international aviation security is only as strong as the checks and measures in place at the world’s least secure airports, and how weak spots at these facilities can leave the entire world exposed to major threats. Speaking with the Guardian, aviation expert Philip Baum said the frozen migrant case demonstrates why plane manufactures and airlines should fit heat sensors that can be used to detect stowaways in locations such as aircrafts’ landing gear wells.

But while this would undoubtedly help locate migrants in the event they were able to gain access to a commercial aircraft and hide themselves away undetected, it does nothing to address the fact that it should not be possible for unauthorised individuals to get this far in the first place. If people can bypass airport security and get that close to a plane, heat sensors would be of little use in the event that such a person was able to successfully plant an explosive device.

Alarmingly, the Kenya Airways incident is only the latest in a string of cases in which security at airports in developing nations has been shown to be inadequate. In 2012, a man who was later identified as Mozambique national Jose Matada fell to his death in similar circumstances after stowing away on a plane that had  travelled to London from Luanda in Angola. Three years later, the British government banned direct flights to the UK from Sharm el-Sheikh in Egypt after a bomb made it past customs inspectors at the resort’s airport and brought down a Russian jet, killing all 224 people on board. Daesh later claimed responsibility for the attack, publishing images of what it said was the explosive device it managed to plant on the doomed aircraft.

In 2016, a planned suicide attack on a flight leaving Mogadishu International Airport in Somalia failed when a laptop in which explosives had been planted blew up prematurely just after the plane had taken off, killing only the suicide attacker. CCTV footage later emerged that was said to show an airport worker handing the laptop to the suicide bomber after he had passed through security checks. The attack was claimed by Somali Islamist group al-Shabaab, suggesting the jihadi organisation may have had an operative working airside at the airport.

While airports in western nations can also be vulnerable to security lapses and infiltration by those with malicious intent, it is hard to ignore the fact that many of the major breaches that have occurred over the course of the past few years have come about as a result of possible failings at installations in developing countries. All of these cases serve to demonstrate that no matter how many additional layers of security are added to the process of taking a commercial flight in the west, it is all but impossible to eliminate the risk that threats made possible by weaknesses in checks and processes at airports in countries such as Egypt, Somalia and Kenya could result in disaster elsewhere.

It is fortunate that nobody on the ground was hurt during the incident in south London on Sunday afternoon, and while it is of course tragic that the migrant who fell from the plane lost his life in such terrible circumstances, attention should now focus on how security failings allowed him to put so many other peoples’ lives in danger.

Continue Reading

Newsletter

Sign up for our mailing list to receive updates and information on events

Social Widget

Latest articles

Press review

Follow us on Twitter

Trending

Shares